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Information on the municipality "Starokulatkinsky district"
Information on the municipality "Starokulatkinsky district»
I. General information
Starokulatkinsky district of Ulyanovsk region is located in the southern part of the Ulyanovsk region. Borders: in the North with the Nikolaevsky district, the Western part - with the Pavlovsky district, East - with the Radishchevsky district, in the South - with the Saratov region. The administrative center of the district – an urban village Staraya Kulatka - is located 230 km East of the regional center of Ulyanovsk. The distance from railway is 22 km from the city of Syzran of the Samara region – 115 km, from the nearest Elevator is 63 km away.
The total population as of 01.01.2017 is 11.9 thousand people.
men - 5,6 thousand people.
women - 6.3 thousand people.
younger than able-bodied - 1,3 thousand people.
able-bodied - 6,2 thousand people.
older able-bodied - 4,4 thousand people.
Administrative and territorial structure
According to article 17 of the Law of the Ulyanovsk region "About municipalities of the Ulyanovsk region" of 24.06.2004 № 043-ZO municipality "Starokulatkinsky district " is allocated with the status of the municipal area with the administrative center the working settlement Staraya Kulatka.
The total area of the district is 117836 hectares. In the composition of the municipal formation consists of 1 city (Starokulatkinsky) and 4 rural communities (Zelenovsky, Mostaksky, Staroatlashsky, Tereshansky).
Decision of Council of deputies of the municipality "Starokulatkinsky district " № 20/8 dated October 27, 2006 approved the emblem and flag of the municipality "Starokulatkinsky district ", their description and use.
Heraldic description of the coat of arms
In scarlet (red) box on the green, encumbered, blue, finely banded with gold and decorated with gold Tatar ornament, belt tip silver mountain with two peaks, the left of which the above and more, accompanied by over the saddle connecting the peaks gold disc. On top of everything the gold head of a spike shifted to the left in a column, in free part - the coat of arms of the Ulyanovsk region.
Heraldic description of the flag
Rectangular panel with attitude of width to length is 2:3, reproducing the composition of the coat of arms of the municipality "Starokulatkinsky district " in red, green, blue, yellow and white.
- agricultural land 78205 hectares, including arable land 57139 hectares;
- land settlements 3758 hectares, including rural 3131 hectares;
- lands of nature protection purpose of 50 hectares;
- the lands of the forest Fund 35364 hectares.
Landscape Starokulatkinsky district is located on flat and mountainous terrain, covered with forests, the composition of the forest area are predominantly mixed hardwoods. The Eastern part of the district is plain, on the Western part there are hills, height reach 280 m.
The district is irrigated by the rivers Tereshka, Kulatka, Mostak total length within the district is 42 km away. There is one lake with an area of 1.5 hectares.
Water sources within the district rivers Kulatka, Tereshka, Isbalyk and other small streams, the area is rich in fresh water. So, near Kush-Tau mountain there are large reserves of fresh water, which provide the village of Staraya Kulatka, Novaya Kulatka village, Ust-Kulatka. In addition, there are 94 springs in the district, each of which is assigned to a certain enterprise. There are the standard ponds: in the village of Srednyaya Tereshka surface area of 110 hectares, off-farm pond near the village of Novaya Kulatka-surface area of 94 hectares in the villages of the Staroe Zelenoe, respectively, with an area of 65 hectares, Vyazovyi Gai - 80 hectares, the Novye Zimnitsy - 74 hectares and many small ponds that create a certain microclimate in dry years.
In the soil with respect to the area included in the area of podzolic and degraded chernozems. Energy resources of the district-forest.
From minerals in the area there are clay, lime, chalk, rubble stone, oil, sand. In the bowels of Starokulatkinsky district there are oil deposits that are currently in the stage of industrial development, there are deposits of natural chalk, clay suitable for the production of building bricks, as well as deposits of sand, gravel, crushed stone suitable for road construction.
In the area there is a state Zoological reserve on the lands of the former agricultural production cooperative "Novozimnitsky", "Druzhba" and the lands of the neighboring Pavlovsk district, which preserves the natural habitat of flora and fauna on an area of 22 thousand hectares.
II. Historical background and famous historical figures
The beginning of the story Starokulatkinsky district of Ulyanovsk region dates from the late XVII and early XVIII centuries. The territory of the district previously included in land Khvalynsky district, Saratov region.
Strengthening adjacent borders of the Russian state, King Peter I at the end of XVII century began to carry out policy of settling of edge people of the Tatar origin. They were aliens from Temnikov, Tambov region, Simbirsk and Kazan, one way or another connected with military service in the tsarist troops.
Kulatka village was inhabited in several stages, in 1704-1718. Populated Murza (Murza equated to the rank of officer of the Royal army) with his entourage. Virgin land, located on the territory of the district, the MPD received in exchange for the service, and the greater was the merit of the nobleman to the Motherland, the more land he received.
Tatar cavalry troops, where they served murzas with their relatives and friends, actively participated in the Azov campaigns, in the suppression of the Bashkir rebels, the Northern war against the Swedes, the battle of Poltava (1709). All these people basically laid the Foundation of the population Kulatka parish - sat Staraya Kulatka (now Novaya Kulatka), Ust Kulatka and Novaya Yandovka (now Novaya Yandovka).
Since 1720, the Murza, serving Tatars began to lose their advantages. The reason for this was the decree of the king, who forbade the murzas, served Tatars to hold as serfs of the Christian faith. If before the adoption of the decree for the assigned land paid a small yasak (tax), now it was replaced by a per capita tax, which is very difficult to accept privileged nobility. In fact, they were equated to the taxable population. The privileged position of serving the Moors and Tatars finally abolished with the introduction of per capita taxation when they are on a par with yasak recorded in the list of taxable poll tax, therefore, added to the taxable estate. Since that time, the situation of most murzas and Tatars did not differ from that of state peasants. Gradually, the excessive amount of taxes did their job - Murza, sultans and other serving Tatars finally broke down and became simple state peasants. Only a small portion of the MPD and other servicemen Tatars, mostly in the Cheaper, avoided the transition to the ranks of the state peasants, or the tax-paying class, having taken Russian names. Thus, at the end of the XVIII century private nobleman's already Russian names were - Bogdanov, Bogdalov, Davydov, Kutuzov, but their number was small and of these nobles, they were not, because of serfdom, its legal, economic relations were strangling any manifestation of progressive initiatives. Gradually the vast majority of Tatars became tillers.
Virgin land gave great yields, was fertile, and the peasants were mainly engaged in bakery, raised cattle. However, the source of life for many was to serve in the Imperial army (as it was called until the late nineteenth century regular army of Peter the great).
After the abolition of serfdom everywhere in the Volga region, including in the territory of our district there is a revival of the economy, which caused the need for the organization of fairs. There was also the development of individual fisheries. Many peasants went to trade. In the second half of the nineteenth century widespread in the oldest the Cheaper, the center of the municipality, received the blacksmith's craft lies in making different kind of house accessory: door and window hinges, hooks, linings, locks, seized on, axes, shovels, etc. On the banks of the river Kulatka constructed dozens of smithies, the whole dynasty was engaged in the blacksmith's craft. Widespread in the Old Atlases got furrier craft, furriers started doing this kind of sheepskin and lambskin that demand exceeded supply. At the same time developing the saddlery business and tailoring, these crafts were developed in the Staryi Mostyak, Novaya Kulatka, Bakhteevka. In 1889 on the banks of the river Kulatka about Novaya Kulatka was built by the Saratov businessman, the native of the village, a soap factory producing soap. The success was great and the products were bought both inside and outside the parish. The plant was closed due to the beginning of the first world war. Flour milling got its development in the settlements of Staraya Kulatka, Novaya Kulatka, Bakhteevka, Srednyaya Tereshka. Thus, in the second half of nineteenth century, especially in the third his-quarters, beginnings of capitalist relations gradually lay in rural life.
At the beginning of 1917 in 29 settlements townships (the area of today's Starokulatkinsky district) lived more than 50 thousand people (according to the materials of Saratov Khvalynsk archive and Museum). By this time, among the Tatar, the Chuvash and the Mordovian population of the district was complete delamination. Appeared rich in the face of so-called kulaks or rural bourgeoisie. Landless, horseless peasants were called hired laborers, differently- laborers. In 1911, Starokulatkinsky parish bloodless, horseless peasant households was 25% of the total number, and the beginning of the February revolution, their number reached 40%. In 1910-1911, the poor had to be very tight, in these years there was drought, famine and numerous diseases (medical care was practically absent, all settlements had two paramedics) mowing people.
That is why the ideas of the October revolution fell on fertile ground and the people with great enthusiasm took the revolution. It is necessary to emphasize the fact that the establishment of a new government in the territory of the region was largely peaceful, without armed conflict, although the kulaks hid, adopting a waiting policy.
In the civil war, on all fronts, attended by 3,600 people from all the villages Starokulatkinsky, Staroatlashsky, Srednetereshansky, Starolebezhaysky counties. Many of them were not destined to return home. Starokulatkinsky fought in the legendary Chapaev, Simbirsk Zheleznaya divisions, Tatar regiments and brigades.
By the end of 1920, there was a process of unification of individual farms in the farm, and some craftsmen-nuggets have cooperated in the field. However, the first world war, then the civil war finally destroyed the economic ties in the country, provinces, parishes and villages. Economic chaos and mismanagement reigned everywhere. The village lost in these wars the most physically strong and capable men. Many peasant families were left without draft power - horses and bulls. However, life has not stood still, with great effort, the peasants began to establish their farms and the economy began to revive.
In the years of collectivization there was a mass generalization of horses, cows, household equipment. By the end of 1929, each village had several collective farms, over time they were United, enlarged. By this time, comes the formation of Starokulatkinsky district.
Many talented, deserving nurtured Starokulatkinsky earth. Many residents, natives of the Starokulatkinsky district for their outstanding achievements in many branches of national economy were awarded orders and medals, received the title of honored workers of culture and education, health and agriculture, etc. Many Starokulatkinsky become scientists, specialists of high class.
Doctors and candidates of Sciences, born in Starokulatkinsky district
Ulyukayev Aleksey Valievich - Doctor of Economics, first Deputy Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation
Khanbikov Yakub Iskhakovich - Doctor of pedagogy, Professor at Kazan state University.
Ganeev Edward Anvarovich - Doctor of technical Sciences, has been working as General Director of plant "HEXAR" in Saratov.
Rashitov Farid Ainetdinovich - Doctor of historical Sciences, Professor at Saratov state University.
Fatkhullin Nariman Sadrievich - Doctor of philosophical Sciences, Professor at Kazan state University.
Shamionov Rail Munirovich - Doctor of psychology, teaches at the Saratov state University.
Tutaev Munir Zakirovich - Doctor of historical Sciences.
Nasyrov Ravil Husainovich - Doctor of biological Sciences, General Director of the plant "Stroyplastmass" in Ulyanovsk region.
Davydov Rashit Rinatovich - Candidate of physical and mathematical Sciences.
Amirkhanov Ildus - Candidate of pedagogical Sciences.
Abuzyarova Luciya Safiullovna - Candidate of medical Sciences.
Baiguzin Irfan Islyamovich - Candidate of technical Sciences.
Zainetdinov Mafia Fatikhovich - Candidate of philosophical Sciences.
Kurtakov Salim Umarovich - Candidate of physico-mathematical Sciences.
Mohammedov Mawia Aliullovich - Candidate of pedagogical Sciences.
Umarov Masum Yakubovich - Candidate of pedagogical Sciences.
Ulyukayev Garey Husainovich - Candidate of technical Sciences.
Romanov Ravil Bagautdinovich - Candidate of technical Sciences.
Suleymanov Abdulla Husainovich - Candidate of physico-mathematical Sciences.
Suleymanov Ryashit Yahievich - Candidate of technical Sciences.
Khakimov Fikki Ibraevich - Candidate of agricultural Sciences.
Yusupov Munir Khakimovich - Candidate of historical Sciences.
Yusupov Mayak Khairullovich - Candidate of physical and mathematical Sciences.
Shivreev Anwar Kayumovich - Candidate of biological Sciences.
The village of Vyazovy Gai Starokulatkinsky district - the birthplace of the deceased in Syria, hero of the Russian Federation of the pilot, Colonel Khabibullin Rafagat Mahmutovich.
III. Economic development
For a number of years, the municipality has taken the last places in the overall ranking of districts of the Ulyanovsk region. This is mainly due to the remoteness of the municipality "Starokulatkinskiy district" from the regional center, the railway and Federal highways, which creates obstacles to the development of large industrial complexes in the district.
Nature and potential of the economy
Starokulatkinsky district is related to agricultural areas of the region. The economic and social stability of the region as a whole depends on the efficiency of the agro-industrial complex. The industrial sector is underdeveloped, represented by only one medium-sized enterprise and in need of investment.
The economic potential of the district includes industrial, agricultural, investment potential, the potential of retail trade, as well as the potential of small and medium-sized businesses, and describes the opportunities of the main sectors of the economy to ensure production growth and a predetermined level of efficiency in the functioning of the areas of the district.
IV. Investment climate
All in the ownership of settlements are municipal roads with a total length 179,81 km network of regional roads in Starokulatkinsky district is 209,1 km. Starokulatkinsky district are 12 school bus routes with a total length of 154 km. Passenger transport services cover all localities Starokulatkinsky district.
Terms of investment attractiveness
One of the conditions for successful social and economic development of the municipality is to increase the investment attractiveness of the district, based on the creation of favorable conditions for attracting investment, improving the regulatory framework, improving the business climate. To ensure dynamic development of the municipality "Starokulatkinsky district " it is necessary to attract significant amounts of external and internal investment of resources in competitive industries and new industries.
V. Social services
Science and education
In the education system Starokulatkinsky district has 6 high schools, 2 basic schools – branches of secondary schools, 2 primary schools, 2 kindergartens, 9 primary groups, 2 institutions of additional education ("Starokulatkinsky center of additional education of children" and "Children and youth sports school of Starokulatkinsky district of Ulyanovsk region"), 1 institution of secondary vocational education.
Culture, local traditions (holidays)
Cultural institutions are represented by 3 legal entities:
- Municipal cultural institution "The Centralized club system" (18 branches - rural houses of culture) and local history Museum named after H. A. Ablyazov;
- District municipal institution of culture "Starokulatkinsky inter-settlement Central library" (Central library the name of Tukay, Central children's library, 17 rural branches);
- Municipal budget organization of additional education of children "Starokulatkinsky children's school of arts".
Working village Staraya Kulatka for many years is the regional capital of Sabantuy. Starokulatkinsky district became the founder of the festival of Tatar folklore "Tugerek UEN" in Russia. In 2016, the VII all-Russian rural Sabantuy was held in Staraya Kulatka, which was visited by more than 50 thousand people. Guests of the festival were representatives from the republics of Udmurtia, Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Mari El, Chuvashia, Mordovia, Altai Krai, Perm Krai, Astrakhan, Volgograd, Kirov, Kurgan, Kemerovo, Nizhny Novgorod, Orenburg, Sverdlovsk, Tyumen, Tambov, Chelyabinsk, Samara, Penza, Saratov regions.
The main image of the event is the holiday "Sabantuy", the Chuvash holiday of Akatuy, municipal festivals and competitions "Tugan Agym – mehebbetim minim", "Tan Yoldyz", "Tatars avalynyn kozge monnary", Muslim holidays "Korban Bairam", "Ramazan Bayram", "Winter waltz".
On the territory of our district there are traditional "Kulatkinsky and Hansevarovsky readings" - the so-called annual activities for the study of the spiritual heritage of the Muslims of the Volga region. This Grand event of the Russian scale includes a visit to the grave of Hansevyarov, scientific - practical conference with the participation of famous Muslim scientists of the universities of the country, preaching the well-known spiritual leaders of Russia and Tatarstan.
In 2018, our region will host the X jubilee all-Russian festival of Tatar folklore "Tugarak UEN" was the first of such events devoted solely to authentic folklore of the Tatars. The festival aims to become a center of attraction and Association of folklore creative collectives of various ethnic groups of Tatars, as well as to acquaint everyone with diverse cultural heritage of the Tatar people in a relatively small space.
On the territory of the Starokulatkinsky district publishes a district newspaper "Kumak kuch", which informs about the socio-political life of the district, region, country, economy, social sphere, culture, sports, traditions, etc., and also carries out the broadcasting of local TV, LLC "New Wave".
Health and sport
On the territory of the Starokulatkinsky district health services of state health institution "Starokulatkinsky district hospital", which:
- polyclinic for 467 visits (admission is conducted in 19 specialties);
- round-the-clock hospital for 53 beds + 10 nursing beds; allocated 2 rooms for veterans in therapy and surgery;
- day beds for 19 beds;
- emergency medical care Department (support 2 teams);
- 14 first-aid obstetric points.
Also there is a General practitioners office at the Staroe Zelenoe, Staryi Atlash and one office-based clinics "Starokulatkinsky district hospital ", Srednetereshansky medical clinic, Staromostyaksky clinic.
There are 68 sports facilities, including 40 planar sports facilities and 19 gyms.
Athletes of the municipality "Starokulatkinsky district" are members of national teams of the Ulyanovsk region on the chess and table tennis. Also rural athletes of the Starokulatkinsky district annually, since 2012, get to national team of the Ulyanovsk region on participation in the all-Russian summer and winter rural sports games.
VI. Tourist attraction
Architectural and cultural monuments
Starokulatkinsky district is one of the most important cultural centers of Muslims of the Volga region. Village Novye Zimnitsy - the venue of the annual Hansavarovsky readings in which the holiday guests visit the most interesting places of the area. Events open in October in the administrative center, then a must - visit graves of famous Sufi master of the Ishan of Habibula Hansavarov. The planned route of religious travel, during which guests visit the mosque and Muslim educational institutions in the villages: Staryi Mostyak, Moseevka, Staryi Atlash, Karmaley, Staraya and Novaya Yandovka, Srednyaya Tereshka, Bakhteevka, Staroe Zelenoe and other significant places.
Starokulatkinsky district is one of the most ecologically safe in the Ulyanovsk region. There are wonderful natural sites: natural area of preferential protection of the State Zoological reserve "Starokulatkinsky", "Peony Balka" - the locus of peony red, the mountain of "Gold" and others. The project envisages reconstruction of the existed in the Soviet era recreation facilities near the village of Ust-Kulatka Starokulatkinsky urban settlement and the village Moseevka of Staroatlashsky rural settlement.
In working village Staraya Kulatka is a local history Museum of a named after H. A. Ablyazov, opened in 1974. The Museum was named after its founder and first leader Hamza Abdulhakovich Ablyazov. In the Museum there are about 3 thousand 200 units of storage, including objects of rural life and tools of peasant labor, numismatics, materials of natural and scientific collection, etc. In scientific and educational activities, special attention is paid to the military-patriotic education of the younger generation.
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